Section 3: The protein produced by the inserted gene may create problems

3.1 A gene from a Brazil nut carried allergies into soybeans
1. A gene from a Brazil nut was inserted into soybeans.
2. When tests verified that people allergic to Brazil nuts would react to the GM soy, the project was canceled.
3. This research verified that genetic engineering can transfer allergenic proteins
into crops.

3.2 GM proteins in soy, corn and papaya may be allergens
1. Tests cannot guarantee that a GM protein will not cause allergies.
2. The WHO and FAO offer criteria that help minimize the likelihood that allergenic GM crops are approved.
3. GM soybeans, corn, and papaya fail those criteria.
4. The GM proteins from these foods are too similar to known allergens.
5. This evidence was ignored by regulators, who approved the crops.

3.3 Bt crops may create allergies and illness
1. Soil bacteria (Bt) create a natural pesticide that has been used in spray form for years.
2. Genes from the bacteria are inserted into crop DNA, so the plant produces Bt-toxin.
3. Approvals of Bt crops are based on the claim that the spray is harmless and Bt-toxin does not react with mammals.
4. In reality, Bt spray is linked to allergies and illness in humans and mammals.
5. Bt-toxins also elicit immune responses in mice.

3.4 The Bt in crops is more toxic than the Bt spray
1. The excuse that the Bt toxin is safe because Bt spray is safe is further contradicted by differences in the concentration and form of the protein.
2. Bt sprays are used intermittently and degrade in the environment.
3. The Bt toxin in crops is thousands of times more concentrated and is continuously produced in every cell.
4. The form of the Bt toxin protein in GM crops is also more toxic.

3.5 StarLink corn’s built-in pesticide has a “medium likelihood” of being an allergen
1. StarLink corn, considered potentially allergenic by the US EPA, was approved as animal feed but not for human consumption.
2. The tiny amount planted in the US nonetheless contaminated the food supply,
prompting massive food recalls.
3. Thousands reported health effects, including life threatening episodes they thought may be related to StarLink.
4. The FDA was unable to create a test to rule out allergenicity and experts say it has a “medium likelihood” of being an allergen.
5. A small amount still remains in the food supply.

3.6 Pollen-sterilizing barnase in GM crops may cause kidney damage
1. Corn and canola are engineered to produce a pollen-sterilizing toxin called barnase.
2. Barnase is toxic to human cells and causes kidney damage in rats.
3. Although the GM plants were designed to produce the toxin in a non-food part of the
4. plant, some of the toxin is likely to be produced in all parts of the plant.
5. A small amount still remains in the food supply.

3.7 High lysine corn contains increased toxins and may retard growth
1. Monsanto produced corn with higher levels of lysine.
2. If consumed in high quantities, the elevated lysine may adversely affect human health in unpredictable ways.
3. The corn also contains increased amounts of known toxins and other potentially harmful substances.
4. The growth rate of chickens fed high-lysine corn was inexplicably less than those fed corn plus lysine.

3.8 Cooking high lysine corn may create disease-promoting toxins
1. A GM corn variety is engineered to produce high levels of lysine.
2. When such corn is cooked and processed, it may produce toxic compounds associated with symptoms of Alzheimer’s, diabetes, allergies, kidney disease and with normal aging and cancer.

3.9 Disease-resistant crops may promote human viruses and other diseases
1. Viral genes inserted into disease-resistant crops produce “viral” proteins.
2. Consuming these may suppress the body’s defense against viral infections, particularly in the gut.
3. The proteins may also be toxic and lead to disease.
4. Viral transgenes also produce RNA, which might influence gene expression in humans in unpredicted ways.

Section 4 >

A summary of the 65 Health Risks
Presented in Genetic Roulette by Jeffrey Smith

The Documented Health Risks of Genetically Engineered Foods
Section 1: Evidence of reactions in animals and humans
Section 2: Gene insertion disrupts the DNA and can create unpredictable health problems
Section 3: The protein produced by the inserted gene may create problems
Section 4: The foreign protein may be different than what is intended
Section 5: Transfer of genes to gut bacteria, internal organs, or viruses
Section 6: GM crops may increase environmental toxins & bioaccumulate toxins in the food chain
Section 7: Other types of GM foods carry risks
Section 8: Risks are greater for children and newborns